Welcome

Follow along as I post results and interpretations of various DNA tests conducted on my Palestinian Christian family members. For a condensed version, read the Summary page for key findings. For more in-depth review, the other pages & blog posts will offer detailed and specific information. Use the labels to find posts relating to the Pages above or family surnames. Feel free to contact me at holylanddna@gmail.com. 

PARTICIPATE!

Interested in helping with this project?  We need more testers!  Below I have outlined the various tests and reasons for taking them.  If you decide to take a test, please let me know so I can add you to the project.  If you have already taken a test, email me at holylanddna@gmail.com to discuss your results.

**Family Members (near and far) - If all this information is overwhelming to you, and you would prefer to test under my account, I can help you set that up.  You would take the test, send it in, and then I would manage the account and interpret the results for you.  Just let me know if this is something you want to do.

23andme - I would recommend this test for almost everyone.  It gives the most bang for the buck!  For $99 you get your deep maternal ancestry (maternal haplogroup assignment), if you are a male you get your deep paternal ancestry (paternal haplogroup assignment), plus you get an overall ancestry composition of both sides of your family, plus DNA cousin matches.  This is a very large database of people and the company does ship internationally.  We have more Middle Eastern matches here than any of the other companies.

Family Tree DNA-  This company is the pioneer in DNA testing for genealogy purposes.  I recommend them for Y-DNA testing (males only).  You get the paternal haplogroup assignment, but also the str markers to show how closely your deep paternal ancestor is related to others we know.  They also have projects like the Lebanon-Syria-Jordan-Palestine Project, Arab World Project, etc. that you can join. FTDNA also offers a Family Finder test which is autosomal test similar to 23andme.  Personally, I do not find it very useful for Middle Eastern people because their database is smaller and mostly American/European.

AncestryDNA- When on sale, this is a decent autosomal test.  The most unique feature is that it lines up family tree matches.  So, if you have a detailed family tree at ancestry.com it can show you how you are related to another person with a detailed family tree.  Most Palestinians do not have that kind of tree, therefore this is not a really useful feature.  The ethnicity calculator is pretty good, however.  I would recommend this test only if you cannot take the 23andme test or if you find it deeply discounted.  They currently do not accept international orders.  I do recommend this test for people with colonial American ancestry.

National Geographic Geno 2.0-  This is a good overview test of the deep maternal and paternal haplogroups, but no DNA cousin matches.  This one goes back very far to ancient times.  I recommend it as a second or third test, but not as useful as 23andme.  Also, this test is far more useful for males because it gives wonderful detailed information on the direct paternal line.  I would not recommend this test for females.

Volunteer Requests:
  • Males from Beit Sahour or abroad who have Beit Sahour roots on their direct paternal line.  Right now everyone is showing J1e from Beit Sahour, and I'd like to see if that trend continues.  If it does, we can likely assume that everyone descends from Dawood Al-Qazaha as it has been passed down from oral history.  Last names that we need tested- Abueita, Andoni, Bardawil, David, Habbas, Qumsieh, Romman (Beit Jala), and more!  Very few last names from Beit Sahour have been tested.  If you fit this criteria and are interested in helping, please contact me for more details or order a test from 23andme and let me know.
  • Males from Bethlehem & Beit Jala.  Right now the men in Bethlehem are showing G1* as their direct paternal haplogroup.  We need to test this to see if most men have it or if there is a blend.  If you are from Bethlehem and know about the history of the clans, you might want to lead a project on this. By testing males at 23andme, we can start to form groups based on clan history and paternal haplogroups.
  • If you are a male from Beit Sahour and have already tested at 23andme and want to dig deeper into your direct paternal line, I recommend the Y-dna test.
  • If you are a female and 100% from Beit Sahour, please consider the 23andme test.  We especially need the older generation females to test because their direct maternal lines are a bridge to our ancient past.  Most of the family trees did not record the women's last names, so this is very helpful to get them tested.
  • If you are not from the Bethlehem area but you are a Palestinian Christian from Ramallah, Bizreit, Beersheeba or another town, please share your results by contacting me.  The more we study the population as a whole, the more we can test our oral histories and see how we all connect.  Right now we have solid proof that the people from other Christian villages are related to each other from several hundred years ago.  They were likely all one group.  The more we test, the more we know!
  • If you are a Christian from Syria, Jordan, Egypt, Lebanon- please share your results.  Let's see how closely we are related or if there are any major differences.
  • OTHER REQUESTS- If you are a Palestinian Muslim or Jew, we would be happy to compare results with you.  Also if you are an Arab from a country outside of the Levant, we would be interested in seeing how closely the DNA resembles each other.
  • TESTING ORDER- Always choose a male if available because you get twice the information.  I chose to have my grandmother's brother tested for his y-dna because my grandmother's father passed away a long time ago.  I could have also chosen her uncle who is the brother to her father.  The paternal haplgroup information would be the same. Second, always choose the older people first- they are one step further back in time and will bring in matches that the younger generation will not have. Third- there is not much need to have siblings tested because the information would be the same.  It is better to test a first, second, or third cousin.  If you have any questions about who to test, please let me know.
  • Interested, but not sure about testing?  Email or message me and I'll help answer any questions you may have.  If you are knowledgeable about the history of our ancestors, you can help in other ways. I am trying to make connections between families and if you have a family tree or personal family stories, I would love see them!

69 comments:

Wisam Shaheen said...

Hei. I am a Palestinian christian and I just got my DNA results at 23andme.
I was wondering if there is a big difference between AncestryDNA and 23andme because you said that the admixture percentages at 23andme and Ancestry DNA are different.
I come from a Palestinian christian family and I would like to know more about the roots of my people.

Oliver Nelson said...

Hi, i'm Ashkenazim 1/8 and I uploaded DNA to gedmatch and it came back with the results with Egyptian,Druze,also there are European components that came back with my grandfather that took the test(he is 1/2 Ashkenazim),but that is to be expected there were also middle eastern which is also to be expected. I did this through ancestry DNA. It would be great to compare results.

HolyLandDNA said...

Hi Wisam- I may have already answered this question, but yes, AncestryDNA goes a bit back further in time. A Palestinian could expect more Italian and more European Jewish on this test than at 23andme. AncestryDNA supposedly goes back 1000 years and 23andme 500 years. You can take the raw data from either test and use the free admixture tools at gedmatch to get a more ancient view as well.

Oliver- What is the non-Ashkenazi half of your grandfather? I ask because because anything Spanish, Italian, even French might throw off the results a bit for him. If the other half is entirely NW-Euro, then I would say the Egyptian & Druze is likely coming from his Ashkenazi side. Even some of my 100% Euro relatives & friends show some unusual tidbits here and there that are unexplained. The Druze is very common in Ashkenazi, the Egyptian less so. I posted some of the AncestryDNA results here, but let me know if you are interested in others. I don't believe there is a way to share unless you are a match at Ancestry.

Anonymous said...

Hey,

I know that you posted about this already. But I would like to include my results in your analysis.I did the test and got J2b1 (maternal line, I am a woman).Can you shed more light on this group?

I am a Palestinian Christian,My mother's side is from Bethlehem, and dad's side is from Biet Jala. As I lived abroad, I alway get questions about my ethnicity, 23andme gave me 10% Italian and 90% middle eastern, I don't like that test lumps all countries in the ME - people from Saudi look very different from lebanse/ Syrian? palestians people. I welcone thoughts/ suggestions.


Thanks,

HolyLandDNA said...

Thanks for the offer to share your results- that would be great! Your mother's side from Bethlehem is where your J2B1 stems- her mother's mother. My grandfather's J2B1 would also be from the same area. You might be the first person that I know about to also have this haplogroup, unless you are directly related (and you may be, especially if you have Abuaita in this line). I'd be interested to know the furthest traced direct maternal line ancestor you have on this side and you can email me if you prefer (holylanddna@gmail.com). As far as this group in particular, there is conflicting information. Some same possible Phoenician, some say possibly Southern European, and others believe it could be native Levantine. The matches on FTDNA are few and far between and come from Spain & Italy, but that is not conclusive in and of itself.

I would be glad to see your Ancestry results if you could share them. Do they look similar to the ones I posted from my family? My dad did get 20% Italian on that test. There is also Caucasus which is under the Middle East category but a bit different? Did you get any Jewish on the test or any African?

If you can trace your ancestry (or oral history tells you) that your family has been in Palestine a long time, then yes, you do have a different genetic makeup from Arabians in the Gulf. The Middle East is very diverse and made of many different people groups since ancient times. Although most speak Arabic and are culturally Arab, it doesn't necessarily mean that all Arabic speaking people in the Middle East look the same nor do they have the same ancestry. I find that annoying also, but it's just ignorance. Generally speaking, Levantine people have a higher European admixture than their Arabian neighbors and the Gulf Arabs have a higher SSA admixture due to the slave trade in that area. This accounts for the occasional blonde & blue-eyed Palestinian or Lebanese person and the very dark looking kinky haired Yemenese. Of course, this is just a generalization. There are also some differences in DNA between the different religions in the area. But, you will find that Palestinian Muslims also have a higher Euro % than the Muslims to the south. Would be happy to discuss more via email or on the blog.

Oliver Nelson said...

HolyLandDNA- Unfortunately my grandfather is dead so the results created to get as close to replicating his DNA as possible were through my uncle(who is a 25% Ashkenazim). When my grandfather was born in Chicago he was adopted immediately after. On his birth records it just said Swedish(according to the DNA this is confirmed) and Irish(as far as I know this is false) and did not give the fathers name. My guess for Lying is being born in WWII as a half Jew was not appealing in 1939 with all the antisemitism. The reason why we wanted someone on my mother's father's side is because it was unknown. I can confirm that I have jewish blood in me because I have some cousins on ancestry that are jewish. The haplogroup I think is g2a,which is little unusual,but my guess is most of my cousins that are of Russian jewish descent and probably got that group from traveling through the Caucasus. I get a variety of near eastern and caucuses groups depending on the test.

HolyLandDNA said...

Oliver- If your uncle is willing, Y-dna testing would be really helpful. Did he have any clue he was Jewish growing up? Or did this just come to light with DNA testing? If you have him tested for y-dna at FTDNA you would probably get a more accurate picture of his Jewish lineage. G2a is considered a Jewish haplogroup, so that fits, but it's less common and because of that testing it further could be helpful. I suggest joining the G2a project there as well and getting some feedback from the project admins. It's great you are able to figure out your ancestry on that "unknown" side!

Oliver Nelson said...

We suspected my grandfather was either Jewish or German. Before the test my mother said their could be Jewish in us going by his physical appearance. We did have my uncle test his y DNA. A close cousin that I have been in touch with said that he had G2a3b1 and then from there the cousin said it was subgroup Z1903/Z724 which has a cluster of Ashkenazim. We found his mother a pure Swedish woman,but because his father was not listed on the adoption records it makes it very hard to find his name. I tried searching our closest jewish relative's last name,but there was no hope because the last name is so common. Maybe someone on ftdna will be close enough to find his father.

Anonymous said...

Hi, thanks for creating this website it is extremely interesting. I am just wondering if you know anything about the ethnic DNA or any family history of Shatarah (my father's line) and Babish (his mother's line). They are from Bethlehem. Also, do you know anything about the family line Ghanim or Alyateem? They are from Beit Sahour. (Ghanim is my husband's father's line and Alyateem is my husband's mother's line.) My mother is European.

HolyLandDNA said...

Rachael- You will see Babish on the Paternal Lines page, they have been tested. I am unaware of Shatarah being tested at this point. I believe there are a number of Ghanim (and various spellings) tested, not sure on Alyateem (but I do know some of this family). You will find that all of these families are interrelated one way or another and to varying degrees. And the level of shared DNA amongst them is very high, even in towns further outside of the Bethlehem region. Your DNA composition is probably quite similar to mine if you are 1/2 Northwestern Euro & 1/2 Palestinian. Gedmatch is very accurate with admixed samples. Are you considering testing or having a family member test?

Anonymous said...

Thanks for your response. Very cool to find out that Babish is G1, hopefully someone from Shatarah will test too! I think I had heard somewhere that the Shatarahs were originally from Nablus so I've always wondered if they may have any Samaritan DNA. I think we do have similar DNA composition, my mum seems to be a mix of Northwestern euro as far as I know. I am considering having one of my son's tested just out of curiosity, however, going by the results on your page I think there is a strong chance they will be J1e too.

Anonymous said...

I am a Palestinian Muslim (100% on both sides of my family). Was expecting middle eastern with perhaps a tiny amount of European.

I am 52% north African (shocker! Bc of trade? Or ppl say Palestinian is put under that on 23andme which is weird.. or the general Arab gene since a Saudi woman scored 88% NA)
41% middle east not a suprise
4.4% European (half general/northwestern (maybe a crusader?) And half italian/Balkan (probably being medditeranean)
0.4% sub Saharan African (invading Arabs from the peninsula are part African due to closeness to African horn)
0.1% east Asian (maybe from turks or mongol raids in the middle east , so cool!)

HolyLandDNA said...

Anonymous- Thanks for sharing your results! Is this from 23andme? I have some thoughts on your results -

North African: this is considered "Arab", so yes, a general Arab gene. It's not really African, but does encompass Egyptian. Do you have any known Egyptian ancestry? Have your ancestors been in Palestine for centuries or did they immigrate a hundred years ago or so?

From everything I have seen, Palestinian Muslims show a much higher % of NA than their Christian brothers do. The main reason, I suspect, is that Christians were forbidden to intermarry with Muslims during the time of the conquest. They intermarried amongst themselves and have a very high Middle Eastern score (which is actually Caucasus, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey, Levant and does not include the Arabian Gulf nations). The people of Palestine were of the same genetic stock - Hebrew, Canaanite, native Levantine/Syrian, etc, with a mix of the Roman/Greek invaders. The Christians remained this way because their intermarriage with Arabs from the south was much less, the Christians who converted to Islam were free to marry other Muslims and thus the new genes were introduced. There has been a study published about the differences in genetics among the religions of the Middle East and it's very interesting.

41% middle east - no surprise, it is very low compared to the 80+% that the Christians get. This is what I would consider your base genetics from very ancient times and what all Palestinians have in common regardless of religion.

Euro- That is probably average score for Muslims. I have seen that some Muslims have HIGHER Euro than the Christians. Again, more intermarriage. My grandfather has higher Euro, but my grandmother lower and most on 23andme have under 3%. The Italian/Greek/Balkan is more likely Greek/Romans from ancient times, but it could be Crusader. The northern Euro is probably crusader but also could be from the slave trades from Europe or even Vikings.

SSA- yes from the slave trade- this was introduced with the Arabs from the south during the Muslim Conquest. Not seen much in the Christian population.

East Asian- very small and to be sure this is real and not noise, I would use gedmatch.com and upload results.

We have to remember that our ancestors come from the melting pot of the universe and the most center of the world in the ancient times. It would be impossible to be pure anything coming from Palestine! But, like you said, it is very cool and just goes to show how interconnected people groups are and always have been.

Try out gedmatch and share your results again...would love to see them!

Anonymous said...

I asked my parents if they have egyptian or other north african ancestors. They said no that their families are palestinian and they don't know of such ancestors. I feel like they should separate the real north africans (those with berber genes) with the arabs from the arabian peninsula. Not very specific with the whole middle eastern/north african categories. European I was not surprised at all. However, I had relatives (6th/7th cousins) that were white....some were in the US, others were in slovenia/Britain :S kind of freaked me out. Maybe my white genes came from colonialism? Only god knows........

I was matched on 23andme with my second cousin...my great uncle and my father had issues with land (as always for us palestinians) and as a result the families were separated... Was able to speak with this second cousin (great uncles grandson) and we talked about this family issue..very sad :( all via 23andme...so it is so legit..my fathers family is originally from hebron and it connected me with people from khalil...amazing!! third to fifth cousins....

Anonymous said...

GED MATCH

Population
North_Atlantic 0.49
Baltic 3.17
West_Med 10.69
West_Asian 18.80

East_Med 41.10
Red_Sea 14.88
South_Asian 2.14
East_Asian 0.27
Siberian 0.58
Amerindian -
Oceanian 0.90
Northeast_African 3.99
Sub-Saharan 2

mostly Mediterranean (palestine, etc) and southwest asia (arabs)......not too specific...ged match was kind of confusing! some african and european... i think that this makes more sense than 23 and me. People say they put palestinian under North African...so perhaps that is why my percentage was higher for north africa? don't know lol

HolyLandDNA said...

Anonymous- I agree, that 23andme should not lump the North African with Palestinian and/or Arab and I"m not quite sure why this is done. That's great you found some matches that are Euro/American....isn't that crazy? My family has these matches also with no known links on their side to the Middle East at all. So that tells us this is more than likely Crusader or other kinds of Europeans that went to the Middle East. What's even more interesting is that 23andme supposedly only goes back 500 years - so these matches can't be thousands of years old! Did you have any Jewish matches? We did and again I'm intrigued because the dna matching should not be 2000 years old when I would expect a Jewish connection.

I think your Euro genes come from either Greek or Italian colonization in Palestine or Crusaders. I will tell you that every Palestinian I have seen has some Euro genes, so it is definitely in the mix! You also show some Eastern Euro, and I'm not sure where that comes from but is very clear for you on gedmatch. Also, if you are getting American and NW Euro matches - you probably have some English/French/Irish genes in there.

That's great you connected with your 2nd cousin - one of the best things about these tests is connecting with family.

Ok, so for your gedmatch results. Can you please click on Oracle underneath the population %s? This will breakdown what your closest population reference groups are and is the most interesting part of gedmatch. My grandfather's closest group is Samaritan, followed by Lebanese Christian. Palestinian does not come in until #6! I would be curious if Palestinian is your #1 group or not. There is also a Lebanese Muslim category. What's nice about gedmatch is that the reference groups are much more specific, and therefore more informative. You can play with the different admix calculators to see the variations. You can also compare tests from the same family to see the nuances. By doing all of this, you begin to see patterns.

My grandfather's top oracle results is 94.1% Samaritan + 5.9% Moldavian with distance of 1.42 - very close to 0 which would be a perfect match. You look for that low number. There is nothing else he gets that is smaller than this number, so this is as close as it gets for him. Samaritan - Assyrian/Jewish and Moldavian being something Eastern Euro bordering on Caucasus.

I think the results show a very strong history in the Levant. Look for Druze, Samaritan, Cyprus - these show very native levantine genes. The outside genes of Europe or Arabia are from colonists/conquerors.

Post your oracle results when you have them...thanks!

HolyLandDNA said...

Also- if you are not showing much Egyptian or North African on gedmatch, you can probably dismiss that part of the 23andme test as being mostly Palestinian/Arab instead of North African/Egyptian. But if you do see the North African countries popping up on your gedmatch results, that tells you something as well.

Anonymous said...

My closest matches were Jordanian (1st), Palestinian, Lebanese Muslim, and Samaritan. Jordanian and Pali Muslims are very similar so I'm not suprised. I got no Jewish ancestry but my second cousin had it..probably on his grandmothers side. And I have no close north African matches and I officially saw a subategory under north African as Palestinian on 23andme. I also found out that most of my mixed side (outside middle east) is on my mom's side..and it makes a lot of sense on why some of my mom's sisters look European and why some have African afros. (My mom has a legit Jackson 5 afro)

Anonymous said...

I'm sorry Syrian came in third..it was Jordanian Pali Syrian Lebanese muslim and then Samaritan ...so basically standard Levantine Arab

HolyLandDNA said...

The differences, even though they appear minor, are actually significant. The fact that Samaritan shows so much further out for you shows that your ancient history has less Jewish roots. My family's Jordanian, which I figure is more true Arab, is much further down their list. Did you get much Cyprus/Cypriot? Did you get Lebanese Christian on your list? There was a big study done in Lebanon about the genetic differences between Lebanese who were Christian vs. Muslim and it was very interesting! I think I have that link posted on the homepage of the blog. I'm guessing it's similar with Palestinians.

The afro could be Egyptian, no? I don't think you have very much SSA, so I wonder if there are some Northern African/Egyptian - not Moors, in your ancestry.

So, when you looked at Oracle 4 - what was the % breakdowns? I'm curious what it gives for 2, 3, and 4 reference population group combinations.

This is great....thanks for sharing!

Anonymous said...

Lebanese christian was like #7 on my list, bedouin was number 6. Lebanese druze was 8 and Cyprian was 9.

I don't think they separate palestinian christian with muslim. It makes sense that I would match with levantine muslims like jordan, pali, and syrian. Ancient people mixed with the arab invaders... Maybe they used palestinian muslims as their dna sample? Or maybe more palestinian muslims submit their results since they widely outnumber christians. This is probably why palestinian christians come close with the lebanese christians? Since our borders are only man made from colonialism it would only make sense to be similar to our neighbors. Jordanians do have more arab blood then Palestinians but these things are hardly super spot on with your actual country of origin anyways. They only show whose dna you match up close to the most. Jordan is our neighbor so im not super shocked by the match.

Maybe there is some egyptian..but that came #12 on my list, after the iranian and kurdish jewish matches, I did see some red sea? IDK how that works. My moms hair is a recessive trait.

Anonymous said...

Oh and my combos are really weird..

1 50% Egyptian +50% Kurdish_Jewish @ 4.084359
1 50% Bedouin +25% Iranian_Jewish +25% Lebanese_Druze @ 3.515602

keep on getting jewish/druze/bedouin/arab combos

Maybe this is just trying to tell me that my dna resembles a jew/druze mixing with an arab...which makes sense sorta? loool

HolyLandDNA said...

I think your Jewish & Druze are the ancient core from very long ago. I have read that Druze is some of the most native Levantine genes in modern day populations, so that is a big sign there. We get a lot of Druze also, even though we are not Druze or related directly to any Druze. It just points in that general direction.

Your Bedouin, would just be Arab, regardless of from what tribe. You see how that one gets you closer to zero? It's 3.515, do you have anything smaller than that? My grandfather had a 1.42 and my grandmother something close, so a 3.5 is not that close and the 4.08 not a very good match for you. Ideally it will be under 2.

Red Sea is also from Arabian countries. The fact is that everyone mixed (definitely!) but to different extents depending on region, religion, contact with invaders, etc. The Gulf Arabs definitely have more SSA, less Euro, less Levantine, etc. And, yes, agree on the borders. In fact, some of my grandfather's ancestors came from Lebanon, but I'm not sure if they were originally from Palestine, left and then came back (I think that is the case). We have a lot of Lebanese matches.

At Geno 2.0, the first reference group my father got was Georgians and then Lebanese. I found that really intriguing, but I guess it's the Caucasus genes. Again this just shows we are very native to the Levant. I think in general Palestinians Muslims have more Arab DNA because of the freedom to intermarry Arabs from the south with the same religion. I think the Christians were very isolated and often fled due to persecution across the Jordan and back. And also Jordan was part of Palestine too...the whole area was one region.

If I were to guess at your overall ancestry, I'd say ancient Levantine mixed with Israelite and later came Arab genes when they converted to Islam. You probably had Jewish converted to Christian converted to Muslim ancestors, but you may be able to trace paternal ancestry back to Arabia.

Have you done y-dna tested? What is your haplogroup from 23andme? And what was your maternal group? A lot of the Palestinian maternal groups are not from the region, but a few are. Most of the paternal haplogroups are from the region.

Anonymous said...

Unfortunately my dad doesn't believe in the dna tests haha he is a simpleton. He thinks that they just do a background check and come up with something made up lol. He is like why would I pay 100 bucks for them to tell me Im an arab hahaha So for the dodecad my #1 group came back palestinian, followed by jordan, lebanese, and syrian then the samaritans and the random jewish groups like iranian jews, kurdish jews, etc. . bedouin is way down. In general, it is the levantine arab. I love doing these tests because i never realized how complex my ancestry was. Amazing!

But as far as the paternal ancestry goes, I believe that my dad is a equal mix of "North African" and Middle East. He has very little euro and no SSA. I say this because I looked at my cousins results and he got very little euro (and it was general) along with no SSA (and he is half yemeni, which is quite shocking considering how close yemeni is to africa). His mom is my dads first cousin. And his parents were first cousins so it is in the family line mostly... So the italian/euro mix is more on my moms side along with the african probably.

My maternal line is hv1a1.

Was looking up palestinian for 23andme and came across your blog! Since I am a Palestinian muslim so I thought it would be great to share my results with you for your study. I don't think you received any Palestinian muslim participants so I am glad to be one of the first. I hope another palestinian muslim posts on this blog so I can compare results.

HolyLandDNA said...

Well, I really glad you found the blog & appreciate you sharing your results! It's great to see the similarities of Palestinians regardless of religion. I'm quite most of our ancestors came from the same native Levantine group!

Have you emailed many of your matches at 23andme? Are they mostly Palestinians? You can feel free to tell them to come here and share results also. We had only a couple Muslim matches and all but one had known Christian ancestry. But the one, was very interesting and helpful and shared his dna/ethncity results. His are very similar to yours. You're probably a match on 23andme as well. If you see any Salomon/Rishmawi matches in your list, that's us and send me a message over there so we can connect!

Anonymous said...

So I'm back again, sorry you are probably sick of hearing from me :) haha

I discovered DNA land and my results are more specific there:

55% arab which includes palestinian under the category.
15% Mediterranean islander which includes southern italy, sicily, and crete (explains the italian and southern euro in 23andme?)
6.5% Ashkenazi (so there is some jewish ancestry? weird it wasn't picked up in the other websites, maybe it is an error?)
14% central indo european which includes turkey, armenia, etc.
2.9% kalash which is a northern indo-aryan people in Pakistan (very interesting!!)
3.5% north african (yes! knew there had to be some)
1.1% east africa with 1% general africa
with 1% unknown

WOW! That is all I can say.....subhanallah (sorry to get all religious for a second haha, this is a spiritual moment for me). Makes perfect sense if you think about the history of our country...so many rulers/occupiers who all left their trace in our dna.........amazing)

HIGHLY recommend you check out DNA land

HolyLandDNA said...

Always enjoy hearing from you :-). Thanks for posting these new results. I have never tried DNA Land, but I just submitted the raw data for my grandparents and myself. I will try to find the time to create a new blog post based on the results!

Do you feel these are the most accurate results for you, when compared to 23andme and Gedmatch?

You might also consider transferring your results to FTDNA (it's usually around $40). Ancestry DNA also has a good test. I find more Ashkenazi & Euro on FTDNA & Ancestry, than 23andme. That makes sense because 23andme is supposed to only go back 500 years, whereas the others go back 1000 years or so.

As far as Ashkenazi, I doubt you have this but it is more likely they have the Middle Eastern roots....remember it goes both ways. So, the common ancestors among you are more likely that native Levantine people group. I think my dad picked up 15% Ashkenazi on Ancestry!

It's hard to say which is more accurate. I think you need to look at all of them to get a general idea. No one company can tell you exactly and without error down to the 1% what your exact ancestry is. Still, DNA Land sounds like a good tool to use to add to the mix. Thanks!

Anonymous said...

What was your dnaland results?

Anonymous said...

GED match had regions..and was sort of vague..23andme didn't separate between true north africa and "arab"..im surprised by all of them but this makes sense given the history of our country. Didnt know i was that mixed..amazing

Anonymous said...

Hi im back with updates. So i was talking to my dads mom and she said that my dads side of the family came from yatta near hebron and a long time ago my grandfathers side of the family migrated from saudi near mecca/madinah...did a bit of research and it turns out many from yatta are believed to be decended from arab jewish tribes in that area...interesting she said her side has been in Palestine forever. I think that explains why my north African came up so high :) and i convinced my mother to do 23andme as well :)

HolyLandDNA said...

Anon- I think everyone has their preferences among the admix tools, but none are 100% accurate and all give a slightly different picture. For me, I did not love DNA Land because it gives my results as mostly Italian, instead of 1/2 Middle Eastern and 1/2 NW Euro as it should be. The less accurate calculators tend to do this. I will post what it gave my father and grandparents soon - next blog post!

That is an interesting oral history. And that is why I love dna - you can either refute or confirm these legends that get passed down. Now you need to look at your paternal haplogroup and see if it fits in with either the Arabs in Saudi Arabia or Jewish tribes from that area. You are in luck because many Saudis have tested and also various Jewish groups, so matches should show up. I'm not sure you shared your paternal haplogroup with me, but go to that page on 23andme and you can research it from there.

So glad your mother is testing! Keep me updated on what else you learn :-)

Anonymous said...

Pretty sure that my paternal side will be saudi arabia since my paternal relatives on my dads side came from saudi way back then . I think paternal halogroup can only be tested by men. My dads mother and my moms family are original palestinians. But as far as the male side goes it goes to Saudi. That is probably why I got jordanian instead of palestinian as my top match. Jordanians are closer to the arab penninsula and probably have more pure arab blood then palestinians.

Ok so DNA land then may not be so reliable....mostly italian? what a joke hahaha I want to try ancestry since that goes back 1,000 years and can be more specific to splitting up ME and NA.

HolyLandDNA said...

Anon- if you were tested at 23andme then you will have your father's y-dna, although I'm assuming you are male, if not, you will not have this and can get it if your dad or brother takes a test. Do you know your ancestors are from Saudi Arabia by oral history? Interesting that this was passed down to you. And, I agree the Jordanian could be a sign of more Arab genes. Let me know if you try any of the other tests and how the results of your other family members turn out!

Anonymous said...

My dad just found it out that his fathers side originated from mecca 150 to 200 yrs ago..we have a really muslim name so i doubt we are of saudi jewish roots..they intermarried with palestinians so im assuming my grandfather was like 10-20% saudi. It also explains my darker features . Nobody assumes im a palestinian they all guess from the Arabian Peninsula. Now i see how recessive genes work :) ill probably do ancestry that will give a better look at the base genetics since it is 1000 years.

HolyLandDNA said...

How does your dad know they came from Mecca during that time frame? It would be great if you have some kind of written record to document that. And names change and adapt according to religions. Many Palestinian Muslims were actually Christians that converted to avoid persecution and extra taxes. Many of the Christians were Jews originally that converted for various reasons including being able to stay on the land. Sometimes the religion changed, but the core DNA was always there and native to the area. But, there are instances of immigration for sure. There are so many legends, so it's great to have some facts and dna to back it up. But....if you are showing more Arabian dna from the tests and have the phenotype to back it up, then yes, you have clues right there! I think in ancient times, all these people looked very much alike. It's the admixture that sets them apart now - more Euro in Levant, more SSA in Arabia, etc.

HolyLandDNA said...

And since you mentioned that people assume you are Saudi, my family sometimes gets the opposite. My dad is assumed to be Sicilian, my grandfather looks like a Russian Jew, and my grandmother also looks Italian. People tend to think all Arabs look the same and they think Saudi, but that is far from reality!

Anonymous said...

I dont believe there is any written record. That would be cool though. Pretty much oral history and my grandmother told him. Very suprising that my grandfathers side family came from saudi because his side of family had the colored eyes and paler skin. They definitely didn't look saudi. It is my grandmothers side of the family (palestinian) with darker features. Interesting. I would love to find out more about some of my saudi ancestors. My dad was assuming they came around 200 or so years ago (like you said during the immigration to palestine, which makes sense). Yeah everyone thinks my dad and aunts are italian too! lol well we do have some italian ancestry so it makes sense :)

HolyLandDNA said...

Try to get some written accounts from the old people before they are gone. Their stories go with them. And if you can test the very oldest generation, definitely try to do it. A great-uncle if you don't have your grandfather, etc. The genetics and phenotypes in the Middle East are amazing and reflective of an ancient melting pot for sure! Even for the all the intermarriage in my family, we have some that look very dark like Egyptian and some that could pass for Northern Euro! And yes, I think that Ancient Roman or Italian is very evident. And, haven't you noticed that many Southern Italians look Arab? You can see the genes in them. It goes both ways :-).

Nadia said...

I ordered ancestry for me and my mom. Will share results as soon as they come due! :) i think ancestry will be better bc it separates mena. Can't wait to share

HolyLandDNA said...

Nadia- that's wonderful! Ancestry is a good test and provides lots of matches. This test is a good one for females because it doesn't matter that you won't have the paternal haplogroup because you wouldn't get that from any test on a female. If down the road, you want to have that info, have your father, brother, uncle, etc take the 23andme test. Keep me updated on your results!

Anonymous said...

My family comes from Beit ummar palestine, even though our village is predominantly Muslim our ancestors come from ancient Christian familys who converted to Islam over the century's. We even have a church buried in our village that's 2,000 years old. There's two main tribes that started Beit ummar, and the tribe/name that my family comes from is Anceint Aramaic. Im very interested in knowing more of who my ancestors are. But I also here that 23andme puts Palestinians in the North African category, so not sure if they have the right results

HolyLandDNA said...

Anonymous-
Beit Ummar is a unique place and I would be interested to compare results! We have a few Muslim matches, and most of those have known Christian ancestry back in their ancestry. What are the 2 main tribes of Beit Ummar? I wonder if there are connections with the people of Bethlehem. I'm sure there are, but I'm curious how far back in time.

23andme has 2 categories for Palestinian: North African (where they clump Arabs), but also Caucasus. In our case, we get a much higher Caucasus % than the North African. Once you have the results, you can download data to gedmatch, dna.land, and FTDNA to get more analyses. What I like about 23andme is that they give you a paternal & maternal haplotype. I highly suggest having a male take this test - if you are female, ask your dad or brother, even a paternal uncle. That is a very valuable piece of information from the ydna that can only be tested on a male. 23andme is the most recent in time test, so the results are not all that exciting. You don't see the deep roots of ancestry like you do on the other tests, but you can upload your results to these other companies and get the results that way.

Anonymous said...

The two main tribes of Beit Ummar are Baraheesh and Wahadeen. No one knew what it meant, so I did some research on Baraheesh which is my familys tribe and found out that it means "Outdoor worker of plants" in Aramaic. Bara means outdoors and Heesh was a plant grown in palestine. I Still haven't done any research on wahadeen but it does sound Arabic. And im a male lol sorry for the anonymous profile

HolyLandDNA said...

Nice work on the name discovery! Are there any written or oral histories of the people in Beit Ummar? What does the older generation say? It seems they have a remembrance of Christian ancestry and I wonder how long ago the conversion to Islam took place. If you decide to test, please get in contact with me after your results come in. I'd love to compare!

Anonymous said...

I've heard from elders that we used to be Christian, even from uncles. theres even a few people who keep Christian paintings to remember there ancestors. There's a church hidden that's 2,000 years old and there's a area in Beit Ummar that is preserved with a 2,000 years old olive tree and a old cave surrounded by stones almost like a small home. Its called the cave of 40, where 40 Christians died in war a long time ago hiding in a cave. I've also read on Wikipedia that the grave (mosque) of nabi Matta in Beit ummar was once refrenced as Saint Matthew instead of the father of Jonah. But someone changed the information on Wikipedia so not sure if it's true or not. As far as oral history and how long they've been Muslim I still have more to research. And im very interested in taking the test and will let you know as soon as I do so we can compare

Nadia said...

So im back with my results. Moms are still in process:

4% africa
3% Africa north (mom probably gets her hair from Egypt)
<1% Nigeria

<1% South Asia

6% Italy/Greece
4% European jewish

69% middle east
16% Caucasus

HolyLandDNA said...

Thank you - I will look forward to hearing from you once results are in.

HolyLandDNA said...

Nadia- Thanks so much for sharing your ancestry results. I'm not sure that I've asked previously, but where are you from? There are some minor differences in genetic makeup depending on location.

The North Africa is interesting and the S. Asia may or may not be "just noise". For comparison on this test, my dad got 20% Italy/Greece, 9% Euro Jewish, 59% Middle East, and 12% Caucasus....that's it, no other admixture. I was very surprised by his high Italy/Greece, which is showing the highest here than any other test. Although, my grandfather gets even higher (around 27%) on Gedmatch.

What did you think of your results? Were they what you expected?

Nadia said...

My parents are from two different villages. My moms family is from beitunia palestine which is a village outside Ramallah. My dads family lives in beir nabala which is near Jerusalem but they are originally from yatta which is village in hebron.

Im not that suprised. Im kind of shocked at the amoumt of jewish. Thought it would be much lower or nonexistent! South asian was interesting. Perhaps from the gulf arabs? I know there was trade between the indian subcontinent and the arabian Peninsula. I have some desi muslim friends who claim to have some ancestry from the gulf. Or it could be noise. My Nigerian is interesting as well. Esp bc its sooo specific to a country...

Italy /Greece is no suprise and middle east and caucasus is no suprise. North Africa is awesome as well. Suprised about that! :) ill keep you updated on my mothers results.

HolyLandDNA said...

Nadia- Yes, keep me updated on your mother's results. Those might be more similar to ours because of the known connection between Ramallah & Bethlehem. We have many matches from Ramallah. Did you get a chance to check our your DNA cousins? It will also give you a lot of information once you know where they are from.

The amount of Jewish is not surprising. I've seen all Palestinians have this to varying degrees. Tells us a lot about ancient roots. South Asian could also be carried through from Iran to the Turks and into Palestine. This is actually not uncommon in Palestinians, but is a very small amount like what you have. Gedmatch might help you uncover more of this and might confirm it. Nigerian is probably the most unusual part of your results! I would guess this is something with the slave trade and the Gulf Arabs.

I just found this on wikipedia about Yata: Located on a large, ancient hilltop,[4] Yatta has been identified with the site of the Biblical town of Juttah.[5] In 1931, a Jewish burial complex dating to the 2nd century AD was found in the town .[6] Eusebius (4th century) wrote that Yatta was "a very large village of Jews eighteen miles south of Beit Guvrin."[6] Some Palestinian residents of the town believe they originate from the Jewish kingdom of Khaybar in the south-western Arabian peninsula and are descended from the Jewish tribes of Arabia.[7] Research by Yitzhak Ben Zvi in 1928 also suggested that three out of the six extended families in Yatta belonged to the "Mehamra" group and possibly descended from an Jewish Arab tribe.[6]

I assume your father's family is Muslim? What about your mother? These differences in genetic components typically fall along religious lines. The high % of Italy/Greece for my father shows they were intermarrying possibly around the time of the Crusades. The lower % in Muslims shows they were not and the smaller % the Muslims carry might be from more ancient times.

It's all very fascinating and I appreciate you sharing your results!

Nadia said...

I recognize the last names of some of our relatives, in particular the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th cousins. They are from our villages which is not suprising at all bc our villages are so small and all the families intermarried/know each other. Many of my relatives, unfortunately, are under user names or under initials. And I'm too lazy to message right now.

My mothers family is muslim as well. Although, I could have sworn that I have heard my aunt years ago talking about how there is a distant christian branch of our family....not sure if that is true or not. My mothers surname is Zayid which is a muslim name.

The story of yatta is interesting. I went on a few websites but many of them are kind of far fetched with the accusations...I even heard of a claim that most of the inhabitants still pracitce jewish rituals or claim to be jews. I asked my grandmother this and she responded with auzubillah so I guess not....lol But of course our ancient ancestry is jewish. But that was probably from thousands of years ago.

Yes my mother has no known outside ancestry out of palestine so I can't wait to share the results. Although, my mother told me that my great grandfather and great great grandfather had a lot of money and were world travelers/businessmen.

HolyLandDNA said...

Nadia- As you get a chance, look at the matches that are more distant for you. Those are interesting as well and can tell you more about the smaller components of your ancestry. Especially if you have actual Christian or Jewish matches somewhere in that list (even at the very bottom). You might even find some North African matches. Once you get to know and understand where your matches are from, it fills in another piece of the puzzle. It can confirm oral history as well!

I would likely say that many, many, many (even most?) Palestinian Muslims have Christian ancestors, if they are native to the Levant. Of course there are Muslims who have immigrated in the last 100 or years from other areas that would not fit in this category. But, if you have ancestors have lived in Yata for centuries, then most likely you have Christian ancestors and probably on both sides. Just like we can assume that all of us have Jewish ancestors as well and this is another way of proving just how long our people have lived in that area. This ancestry goes back many generations and it's been forgotten, and with modern day events even reviled and histories rewritten. Just another reason why DNA testing is so important!

Keep me updated, I look forward to hearing from you.

Nadia said...

Got mamas results back
6% africa north
5% jewish
5% italy/greece
1% Iberian Peninsula
66% middle east
17% caucasus

HolyLandDNA said...

Nadia- Your mother's results are very close to yours! Are you planning on having your father tested as well? I think his would also be very similar. I find it interesting that there are noticeable differences among the religions of Palestinian people. I'm guessing it comes from admixture with Muslim Arab conquerors in your ancestry that did not occur as much in mine. Just a theory, but the core ancestry is still the same. I do find it interesting also the significant levels of Italy/Greece are not as obvious in your ancestry. I might have underestimated the Crusader element in my ancestry. Thanks so much for sharing!

Nadia said...

I was actually surprised how similar my genetic makeup was to my moms! Especially since my mom has no known ancestors from outside Palestine. I find the NA really interesting. And I know for sure that the north african ancestry came from my mom. I remember that there was some muslim arab migration into the holy land during the ottoman period. Some of those people came from the maghreb. Quite interesting! My mom and some of her sisters do look north african!

Unfortunately my father is not too interested in the dna results. But I believe that his would show pretty much the same with perhaps more arab.

I am also interested in the crusader element as well. I think that my italy/greece probably were recycled from ancient rome. Perhaps from a crusader...but were many of the crusaders from italy? I know there were some from italy but I always thought of the crusaders from france as well. I found it interesting that no northwestern european showed up in your dads results.

Perhaps it is because the christians did not intermarry heavily with the muslim arabs. I notice that the jewish is a bit higher as well for your dad. Very interesting!

But the results are definitely more clear cut given the history of our country!!!! Amazing. And along religious lines as well. And despite the differences in religion you still see the base genetics being the same. Also I know of lebanese people who did ancestry and no jewish showed up in them....just italy and greece.

Goes to show you that Palestinians despite religion are descendants of the jews who lived in ancient Israel that stayed during the exodus and were eventually arabized. I also find it funny when there are horribly ignorant people who say that palestinians aren't a real people and that palestinians are a bunch of recent arab immigrants as if Palestine was empty for hundreds and thousands of years. DNA doesn't lie!

HolyLandDNA said...

Nadia- Ancestry DNA says the test goes back 1000 years - enough to cover Crusader times, and that may explain the higher levels for the Christians (especially with known ties to Crusader towns during that time period, intermarriage was likely). I also have always thought of Crusaders as coming from France & England, but there were significant numbers coming from Rome. If the Italy/Greece element is coming from very ancient times, then it must have been recycled heavily and shows a very small gene pool since early Christianity in Palestine. Either of these scenarios or both is plausible.

On gedmatch, NW Euro does show up, especially for my grandmother. Also, my dad gets 6% NW Euro on the Geno 2.0 test. My grandmother's direct maternal line actually comes from Europe. We're not sure how this ancestor got to Palestine, but could have been a slave or war bride, etc. Clearly there are some NW Euro genes floating around. My grandfather has the green eyes and lighter hair to prove it!

I believe it was illegal and forbidden for Muslims to marry outside their religion and if they did, the bride converted. The Christians were very isolated and intermarried each other heavily.

I think if you take out the outside Muslim Arab influence, as well as the Crusader/Euro element, the older ancestry is the same for Palestinians regardless of religion. The Jewish component hints at an ancient Jewish ancestry for all of us. I agree- even though the term "Palestinian" came relatively late, there was always a Palestinian people! They just went by different names, like Syrian to denote the whole region. DNA is an awesome way to prove that we are truly native to the land :-).

Renee said...

My ancestry results are
Great Britain 80%
Scandinavia 10%
Europe west 4%
Iberian Peninsula 2%
Ireland 1%
European jewish 1%

Gedmatch
South Baltic 12%
East Europe 12%
North and Central Europe 27%
West Mediterranean 10%
East Mediterranean 3%
European Jewish 4%

But the gedmatch Ethiohelix K10+Palestinian is
Palestinian 91%

So this has me all confused.
Can someone help me understand this?

Renee said...

I also got my results from Dnaland, it says 100% west Eurasian which is Caucasus, Iran, Egypt, Ashkenazi jewish, and Iberia.
By my family tree I know where we come from. My 5th great grandfather came here from Switzerland and before that they was in Turkey, but I have traced my family line on my mom's side to the tribe of Judah.

HolyLandDNA said...

Renee- I am not very familiar with how DNA Land processes their results. I would definitely rely more on your ancestry results, as they are pretty accurate and comparable to the other big companies. Gedmatch is a bit more speculative. Switzerland lines up pretty accurately with what Gedmatch shows. Have you tried the other calculators?

How did you trace back to the tribe of Judah? You don't show very much Ashkenazi at all in your DNA. Is this something you have discovered through oral history? You can also have your mother's brother tested or her father for Y-DNA, which would be helpful to prove Jewish ancestry. Good luck to you!

Renee said...

We done an ancestry tree. There are no males on her side, she never had a brother and her father pasted away.
But I did ask a women who's also doing a dna project and she said that the Palestinian results is acting as a proxy for the middle eastern ancestry, and she said that would add up with the ancestry tree as well.
Thank you for writing me back.

HolyLandDNA said...

Renee- I hope you get the right kind of help with your tree. It's very difficult to trace ancestry back to Judah, especially if you don't have known Jewish lineage. By looking at your Ancestry results, you don't appear to have any Middle Eastern ancestry in the last 1000 years. Sometimes those little bits of Iberian/Caucasus, etc are really just "noise" or something so far back in time that it's untraceable. Building out your ancestry tree and connecting with close matches on Ancestry are your best bets. If you find any "cousins" that are predominantly Middle Eastern, certainly reach out to them to learn more. Happy hunting!

Asma Ayyad said...

Hello,

I am a Palestinian Muslim, from Beit Safafa (a village in East Jerusalem), who has done 23andMe and would love to compare some of my results as well with everyone here! I was just wondering what options do you recommend to use on GEDmatch? There are quite a few options, and just wanted to make sure I choose the right options so that they are comparable. Thanks for any help!

HolyLandDNA said...

Hi Asma,

I like Dodecad and Eurogenes the best. It's fun to try them all and compare. Feel free to post your results!

Anonymous said...

I'm glad I found this! I am palestinian, I do not consider myself muslim however a lot of my family does. I submitted my ancestrydna about a week ago and i have a 23andme test on the way. I am anxious to see the results. I also have a test coming for my mother. My father is from a village from Silwad, my mother is also palestinian but was born in Kuwait. Both sides of my family have unique features and im curious where they come from, such as very pale or white skin, light green eyes, curly red hair.

Asma Ayyad said...

Thanks for writing back! So I used both of those, and unsurprisingly got Palestinian as the number one result for both calculators.

For my original 23andMe results I received that I was:
47.3% North African
44.5% Middle Eastern
3.6% Southern European (Italian)
1.4% Broadly European
<0.1% Ashkenazi Jewish

For the dodecad V3 calculator:
Single Population Sharing:

# Population (source) Distance
1 Palestinian (HGDP) 4.42
2 Jordanians_19 (Behar) 6.36
3 Lebanese (Behar) 7.02
4 Syrians (Behar) 8.5
5 Samaritians (Behar) 9.98
Mixed Mode Population Sharing:

# Primary Population (source) Secondary Population (source) Distance
1 95.3% Palestinian (HGDP) + 4.7% Norwegian (Dodecad) @ 3.02
2 95.2% Palestinian (HGDP) + 4.8% Irish (Dodecad) @ 3.03
3 95.1% Palestinian (HGDP) + 4.9% British (Dodecad) @ 3.06
4 95.3% Palestinian (HGDP) + 4.7% Swedish (Dodecad) @ 3.06
5 95.1% Palestinian (HGDP) + 4.9% British_Isles (Dodecad) @ 3.07

For the Eurogenes K13 Oracle results:
Single Population:
# Population (source) Distance
1 Palestinian 2.56
2 Jordanian 3.52
3 Syrian 6.15
4 Bedouin 7.21
5 Samaritan 7.56
Mixed Mode Population Sharing:

# Primary Population (source) Secondary Population (source) Distance
1 75.6% Palestinian + 24.4% Syrian @ 1.71
2 59.6% Bedouin + 40.4% Lebanese_Druze @ 1.74
3 95.9% Palestinian + 4.1% Chechen @ 1.88
4 95.7% Palestinian + 4.3% Kabardin @ 1.89
5 95.7% Palestinian + 4.3% Adygei @ 1.92

Looking through all of these, I feel I am almost as Palestinian as they get haha. I remember originally doing DNA testing to find something interesting since Palestine has always been in the cross-roads of trade, but here I am. It's pretty cool to see that these calculators are able to separate these populations! Can't wait for 23andMe to update their databases and see if anything changes with mine. Anyways hope this will be fun for others to compare with.
As a side note, both of my parents are Palestinian and were born in Jerusalem. My mom side of the family is from the east Jerusalem village Beit Safafa and my dad side is from the east Jerusalem village of Sharafat/city of Jericho. And I am a first generation Palestinian American.

HolyLandDNA said...

Please share your results when they come in...thanks for posting!

HolyLandDNA said...

Asma- Very interesting results! In my family, I don't see Palestinian as a top result. So, I always find it interesting to see others' results from the same region that show differently. But I agree - you could be part of the reference population for these tests! About as Palestinian as you can get...very cool. Thanks for sharing!

Raymond Puentes said...

Hi, my maternal grandfather is a Christian from Lebanon, and here are his results from three different tests.

AncestryDNA:
93% Middle East (Syrian-Lebanese)
7% Turkey and the Caucasus

MyHeritage:
39.4% Middle East
36% West Asian
15.7% North African
4.5% Ashkenazi Jewish
4.4% Italian

23andMe:
81.1% West Asian (Lebanon)
8.3% North African and Arabian (Jordan)
8.1% Italian
0.2% Eastern European
1.2% Broadly Southern European
0.7% Broadly European

His ancestors have the last names Ghassan, Abboud, Shaady (Shahadi), and Nasrallah. He is also related to the Hanna family and the Saidy family.

HolyLandDNA said...

Thanks for sharing the results. They are similar to those of Palestinian Christians and shows a shared heritage. Were you surprised by his results at all? I recognize the last names as well.