Ancestry gives a beautifully illustrated general history of each population. Here are some highlights:
Italy/Greece is approx 20%, with a range of 13-28%. This is substantial! I had no idea the Greeks and Romans left such a strong genetic imprint. I have seen Italy come up on most indicators and many people who are 1/2 Middle Eastern are fooled into thinking they are instead Italian. This test is supposed to go back to 1000 years ago, however, I believe these genes are coming from ancient times and have just recycled over and over since then.
European Jewish is given a range of 5-13%. This is higher than the test at 23andme shows, but going back 1000 years as opposed to only 500, this would make sense. I am not aware of any Jewish ancestry, beyond the Jews that converted to Christianity in ancient times. However, this again shows us that our ancestors were living in the land of Israel/Palestine for a very long time.
Middle East is given 52-65% of overall ancestry. This is also interesting because he has 10% less than the average Middle Easterner. I wonder if this means that the people of the Levant (northern Middle East) have more admixture or if it is the Christians or Palestine in general? As I compare matches to look at their ancestry composition, this may become more clear.
And lastly, Caucasus with a range of 4-20%. This region shows up often in Palestinians. Again, it's a tie to Levant and the natives of that area.
My father showed absolutely no trace regions- so the above 4 are solid parts of his ancestry. I was surprised to not see any Northern Africa which would include Egypt and no traces of Western Europe. However, the Crusades and the genes left behind by those Europeans were further removed than 1000 years and that is why they show up on the Gedmatch calculators, but not on the other tests.
Overall thoughts- I think this test is a nice addition to the results of the other tests. We see a progression from 23andme, which shows the last 500 years to this one that shows up to 1000 years, to the deep ancestry calculators of Geno 2.0 and Gedmatch which show us our ancient ancestry. A whole lot more Italian/Greek showed up here compared to 23andme. This might point to more contact with those people groups around 1000 years ago. And the fact that no North African or Western Europe shows up here, tells me contact with those populations was even further back in time. If you can get this test on sale, I recommend it. You may even find a 3rd cousin match at the top of your list like we did!